Items tagged with "Corrections"


articles  |   An Examination of Traumatic Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among a Sample of Illinois Prisoners

Published: July 25, 2017
Research has found nearly all prisoners have experienced a traumatic event in their life and a high proportion suffer from PTSD. Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority and WestCare Foundation (Illinois) researchers surveyed 573 Illinois prisoners to understand the trauma they experienced and explore the relationship between trauma and substance misuse. Researchers found 89 percent of those surveyed had both experienced and witnessed more than one traumatic event during their lifetime. Almost one-fourth of the sample were identified as being symptomatic for PTSD (24 percent). In addition, researchers found a relationship found between greater PTSD symptoms and higher drug use. This article describes survey findings and provides implications for policy and practice in correctional facilities.



articles  |   Trauma-Informed and Evidence-Based Practices and Programs to Address Trauma in Correctional Settings

Published: July 25, 2017
The prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is higher among individuals in prison and jail than in the general population. Research has shown a connection between trauma and criminality due in part to the coping mechanisms of aggression and substance misuse after a traumatic event. While the corrections environment itself may cause or exacerbate PTSD symptoms in some individuals, facilities can implement trauma-informed practices to minimize re-traumatization and reduce PTSD symptoms. This article documents the prevalence of trauma and PTSD within this population, and discusses how correctional facilities can implement trauma-informed practices and evidence-based approaches to assist individuals with trauma histories.



publications  |   An Examination of Traumatic Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among a Sample of Illinois Prisoners

Published: July 25, 2017
Research has found nearly all prisoners have experienced a traumatic event in their life and a high proportion suffer from PTSD. Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority and WestCare Foundation (Illinois) researchers surveyed 573 Illinois prisoners to understand the trauma they experienced and explore the relationship between trauma and substance misuse. Researchers found 89 percent of those surveyed had both experienced and witnessed more than one traumatic event during their lifetime. Almost one-fourth of the sample were identified as being symptomatic for PTSD (24 percent). In addition, researchers found a relationship found between greater PTSD symptoms and higher drug use. This article describes survey findings and provides implications for police and practice in correctional facilities.



publications  |   Trauma-Informed and Evidence-Based Practices and Programs to Address Trauma in Correctional Settings

Published: July 25, 2017
The prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is higher among individuals in prison and jail than in the general population. Research has shown a connection between trauma and criminality due in part to the coping mechanisms of aggression and substance misuse after a traumatic event. While the corrections environment itself may cause or exacerbate PTSD symptoms in some individuals, facilities can implement trauma-informed practices to minimize re-traumatization and reduce PTSD symptoms. This article documents the prevalence of trauma and PTSD within this population, and discusses how correctional facilities can implement trauma-informed practices and evidence-based approaches to assist individuals with trauma histories.



publications  |   The use of incarceration to address juvenile delinquency: Court evaluation admissions to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice

Published: March 16, 2016
Court evaluations, new commitments, and technical violations are three ways in which youth may be admitted to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice, the state’s juvenile corrections agency. This article is the first of a three-part series examining the use of incarceration to address juvenile delinquency in Illinois. It examines admissions to IDJJ for court evaluations, focusing on what changes in admission trends have occurred and how these changes have impacted the profile of youth entering IDJJ for court evaluations.



articles  |   The use of incarceration to address juvenile delinquency: Court evaluation admissions to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice

Published: March 16, 2016
Court evaluations, new commitments, and technical violations are three ways in which youth may be admitted to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice, the state’s juvenile corrections agency. A juvenile found delinquent by the court may be admitted to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ) for a court evaluation. Evaluation findings document the particular needs of the juvenile and are reported to the court within 90 days. Based on the court evaluation, a youth may be sentenced to treatment and supervision within the community or returned to IDJJ to serve an indeterminate term. Juveniles also may be admitted to IDJJ as a new commitment from juvenile court following a finding of delinquency or for technical violations.



publications  |   MALE SURVIVORS OF URBAN VIOLENCE AND TRAUMA: A Qualitative Analysis of Jail Detainees

Published: December 17, 2015
Urban violence is a major public health concern and at epidemic levels in some neighborhoods, directly impacting the mental health of its residents (Morris, n.d.). The rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among urban populations is estimated to be around 31 percent, higher than the PTSD rate among returning Iraq war veterans of 17 percent (Donley et al., 2012; Hoge, Terhakopian, Castro, Messer, Engel, 2007).



articles  |   Male Survivors of Urban Violence and Trauma

Published: December 17, 2015
Urban violence is a major public health concern and at epidemic levels in some neighborhoods, directly impacting the mental health of its residents (Morris, n.d.). The rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among urban populations is estimated to be around 31 percent, higher than the PTSD rate among returning Iraq war veterans of 17 percent.



articles  |   Women and reentry: Evaluation of the St. Leonard’s Ministries’ Grace House Program

Published: December 8, 2015
The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority has been evaluating St. Leonard’s Ministries programs since 2011. As part of that evaluation, Authority researchers examined administrative program data and outcomes of residents after program participation, conducted interviews with program staff and stakeholders and completed field observations to identify program components that are effective in contributing to successful resident outcomes, learn about the programs’ residents and operations, and analyze client outcomes. This report focuses on Grace House, a voluntary, residential, prisoner reentry program for women. Those accepted into the program receive housing, substance abuse treatment, psychological services, life skills mentoring, and education and vocational services.



publications  |   Women and Reentry: Evaluation of the St. Leonard’s Ministries’ Grace House Program - Second in a series

Published: December 8, 2015
Grace House is a voluntary, residential prisoner reentry program for women. Those accepted into the program receive housing, substance abuse treatment, psychological services, life skills mentoring, and education and vocational services. In this study, researchers tracked outcome data on a sample of 25 women, each with an average of three periods of incarceration.



publications  |   Juvenile recidivism in Illinois Examining rearrest and reincarceration of youth released from the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice

Published: July 18, 2013
This study was conducted to add to the understanding of juveniles incarcerated in Illinois by examining re-arrest and re-incarceration of juveniles released from the Illinois